(Last Updated On: June 24, 2018)
C-130 Aircraft Accidents in Pakistan
Pakistan Air Force received a total of 28 C-130 aircraft, since induction of the first aircraft in 1963. As of today, out of these 28 aircraft, 10 crashed over the course of +50 years since they have been in service with PAF. Brief details of the mishap aircraft and C-130 accidents in Pakistan, are elaborated as follows:
C-130B Model, Serial No 12648 [USAF 61-2648, MSN 3691] – 18 August, 1965
The accident happened when C-130 of No. 6 Squadron was landing on a Runway and suddenly went off the runway on August 18, 1965. This was the first C-130 loss for Pakistan Air Force and shortly happened prior to commencement of the 1965 India-Pakistan war. The aircraft was also among the first two C-130B (ex-USAF) aircraft which were supplied by the US Govt. under the Military Assistance Program (MAP) to PAF, bearing S/N 61-2646 & 61-2648.
C-130B Model, Serial No 24142 [USAF 62-4142, MSN 3768] – 15 July, 1966
Pakistani Air Force C-130B 24142, former USAF 62-4142, c/n 3768, supplied under MAP, of 6 Sqn., crashed into mountain in Pakistan. All ten aboard killed.
L382B Model, Serial No 64145 / AP-AUU [MSN 4145] – 30 April, 1968
Accident happened when L-382/L100 aircraft originally belonging to PIA but later leased to No. 6 Squadron, crashed due to inflight wing failure/rupture, when trapped in turbulence near Chaklala Airbase on 30 April, 1968.
The photo below shows Lockheed L-100-382B-4C Hercules (AP-AUU) sporting PIA logo during a pre-delivery test flight in USA. Two brand new Lockheed L-100s – first one registered as AP-AUT and second one as AP-AUU – were bought and operated by PIA for a very brief period of time after their delivery to the airline in 1966. Later same year these two transport aircraft were transferred to Pakistan Air Force (PAF). AP-AUT received serial# 64144 and and is still in service with PAF. AP-AUU received air force serial# 64145 (coded ‘U’), but unfortunately met a tragic end when in 1968, during a supply mission attempt, it disintegrated in severe turbulence over Pakistan’s Karakorum mountainous region.
C-130B Model, Serial No 23490 [USAF 62-3490, MSN 3700] – 8 July, 1969
C-130B, 62-3490, c/n 3700, MAP to Imperial Iranian Air Force, 5-103, of the 5th Air Transport Squadron, (1967). Sold to Pakistani Air Force, serial 23490, coded ‘Q’. Civilian registration AS-HFQ applied. Burned during refueling at Islamabad. Aircraft was written-off, the hull is still parked at PAF Base Nur Khan to date.
C-130B Model, Serial No 23489 [USAF 62-3489, MSN 3699] – 4 March, 1970
C-130B, 62-3489,c/n 3699, MAP to Imperial Iranian Air Force, 5-102, of the 5th Air Transport Squadron, (1965). Sold to Pakistani Air Force, serial 23489, of 6 Squadron, written off.
C-130B Model, Serial No 23488 [USAF 62-3488, MSN 3698] – 1 February, 1979
Pakistani Air Force C-130B 23488, c/n 3698, former USAF 62-3488, then MAP to Imperial Iranian Air Force, 5-101, of the 5th Air Transport Squadron; sold to Pakistani Air Force, 23488, coded ‘P’, registered AQ-ACP, then AS-HFP, jumped chocks during night engine test run, collided with c/n 4117. Both aircraft were written-off.
C-130B Model, Serial No 10687 [USAF 65-10687, MSN 4117] – 1 February, 1979
Pakistani Air Force C-130E 10687, c/n 4117, former USAF 65-10687, then MAP to Imperial Iranian Air Force, 5-106, of the 5th Air Transport Squadron, renumbered 5-102, November 1973; sold to Pakistani Air Force, 10687, coded ‘D’, hit by c/n 3698 when it jumped chocks during night engine test run. Both aircraft were written-off.
C-130B Model, Serial No 23494 [USAF 61-2648, MSN 3691] – 17 August, 1988
At 3:40 p.m. (Pakistan Standard Time) on 17 August 1988 the VIP aircraft PAF C-130B (23494 / MSN 3708) with call-sign PAK-1, took off from Bahawalpur Airport. On board the C-130 plane were a total of 31 people, including the President of Pakistan General Muhammad Zia-ul-Haq, the United States Ambassador to Pakistan, Arnold Raphel, General Herbert M. Wassom, the chief of the U.S. military mission in Pakistan, and a group of senior officers from Pakistan army. The plane had been fitted with an air-conditioned VIP capsule where Zia and his American guests were seated. It was walled off from the flight crew and a passenger and baggage section in the rear.
The aircraft departed Bahawalpur early, ahead of a storm. For 2 minutes and 30 seconds, it rose into a clear sky. Takeoff was smooth and without problems. At 3:51pm (PST) Bahawalpur control tower lost contact, and the plane plunged from the sky and hit the ground with such force that it was blown to pieces and wreckage scattered over a wide area. Witnesses cited in Pakistan’s official investigation said that the C-130 began to pitch “in an up-and-down motion” while flying low shortly after takeoff before going into a “near-vertical dive”, exploding on impact, killing all on board. There were many investigations into this crash but no satisfactory cause was ever found.
C-130B Model, Serial No 23491 [USAF 62-3491, MSN 3701] – 10 Sept, 1998
C-130B, former USAF 62-3491, c/n 3701, to Imperial Iranian Air Force under MAP, 1965, 5-104, of the 5th Air Transport Squadron. Sold to Pakistani Air Force as 23491, of No. 6 Squadron, coded ‘V’. To Transport Conversion School, coded ‘W’, as of October 1985. Civil register AQ-ACV. Hit on ground by c/n 3781 at Rawalpindi air base, burned, written off.
C-130B Model, Serial No 23143 [USAF 62-4143, MSN 3781] – 10 Sept, 1998
C-130B, former USAF 62-4143, c/n 3781, to Pakistani Air Force under MAP as 23491, of 6 Squadron, coded ‘O’, March 1963. Civil register AS-HFO as of August 1984. Camouflage by 1986, same, March 1988. Suffered brake failure due to wheel well fire, hit c/n 3701 on ground at Rawalpindi air base, burned, written off.